Learn more about FC

To learn more about the science behind the FC Scale, have a look at the following sources

The development of the Futures Consciousness concept and the scale

Studies on the impacts of futures consciousness on behaviour


Studies on the use of futures consciousness as a tool for evaluating impacts of futures education

  • Bol, & de Wolf, M. (2023). Developing futures literacy in the classroom. Futures : the Journal of Policy, Planning and Futures Studies, 146, 103082–. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2022.10308

Video of the Dissertation Defence of Sanna Ahvenharju: Futures Consciousness as a Human Anticipatory Capacity

Link to the video is here